[Home ] [Archive]    
:: Main About journal Editorial Board Current Issue Archive Submit an article Site Map Contact ::
:: Volume 8, Issue 1 (3-2019) ::
Int J Med Invest 2019, 8(1): 10-18 Back to browse issues page
Epidemiology of Injuries Caused By Motor Accidents in Patients Referred To Emergency Department of A Trauma Center Hospital in North of Iran
Seyed Hossein Montazer, Seyed Mohammad Hosseininejad, Farzad Bozorgi, Touraj Assadi *, Seyedeh Nesa Hashemi, Mohsen Lotfipour, Mirsaeid Ramzani
Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine, diabetes research center, Faculty of Medicine, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
Abstract:   (722 Views)
Introduction: Determining the frequency distribution of injuries caused by motor accidents in patients referred to emergency department of a trauma center Hospital in north of iran
Methods: The statistical population of our study was all patients with injuries due to motor accidents to emergency department of Imam Khomeini Hospital from April 2015 to April 2018. In this longitudinal descriptive study, all stages of the collection of information through the student's application file have been completed. Information included in the checklist includes demographic information, type of lesion, location of the lesion, multiple scales, vehicle type and level of consciousness. For statistical analysis, variables were first described based on descriptive statistics method including mean ± standard deviation for quantitative variables such as age and frequency tables for qualitative variables such as type of injury. In order to compare the type of injuries in both sexes and location and age comparison in a variety of injuries, Chi square or Fisher exact test, T test and variance analysis test were used.
Findings: Based on these results, head and neck, right lower organs, and right upper organs had 37.4%, 12.2% and 12% of total highest percentage of lesion site, respectively. People with at least one type of lesion had 67.8% of the injured in the head and neck, 22.1% of the patients suffered damage to the right lower organs and 21.8% of the patients had injury in right upper organs. The non-penetrating type of lesion (89.3%) is more abundant than penetrating lesion. To investigate the frequency of para-clinical type in individuals, FAST sonography has the highest frequency and total percentage in all kinds of para-clinics (31.7%)
Conclusion: According to the conducted studies and the results of this study, it can be concluded that the prevention of injuries caused by accidents can be used to correctly teach the use of helmets for motorcyclists and seat belts for car occupants, Also, due to the high prevalence of head lobe lesions, special attention should be given to the correct transmission of patients to the emergency department.
Keywords: Injury, Accidents, Helmet
Full-Text [PDF 248 kb]   (144 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
References
1. 1. David J. Epidemiology of trauma. Surg Clin North Am. 1996;76(4):168-70. 2. Wui LW, Shaun GE, Ramalingam G, Wai KM. Epidemiology of trauma in an acute care hospital in Singapore. J Emerg Trauma Shock. 2014;7(3):174-9. 3. Saadat S, Yousefifard M, Asady H, Moghadas Jafari A, Fayaz M, Hosseini M. The Most Important Causes of Death in Iranian Population; a Retrospective Cohort Study. Emerg (Tehran). 2015;3(1):16-21. 4. El-Hennawy H, El-Menyar A, Al-Thani H, Tuma M, Parchani A, Abdulrahman H, et al. Epidemiology, causes and prevention of car rollover crashes with ejection. Ann Med Health Sci Res. 2014;4(4):495-502. Int J Med Invest 2019; vol 8; num 1; 10-18 http://www.intjmi.com 5. Borchgrevink GE, Kaasa A, McDonagh D, Stiles TC, Haraldseth O, Lereim I. Acute treatment of whiplash neck sprain injuries: a randomized trial of treatment during the first 14 days after a car accident. Spine. 1998;23(1):25-31. 6. Benvenga S, CampennÍ A, Ruggeri RM, Trimarchi F. Hypopituitarism secondary to head trauma. The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. 2000;85(4):1353-61. 7. Bozorgi F, Mirabi A, Chabra A, Mirabi R, Hosseininejad S-M, Zaheri H. Mechanisms of Traumatic Injuries in Multiple Trauma Patients. International Journal of Medical Investigation. 2018;7(2):7-15. eng. 8. Singh R, Singh HK, Gupta SC, Kumar Y. Pattern, severity and circumtances of injuries sustained in road traffic accidents: a tertiary care hospital-based study. Indian J Community Med. 2014;39(1):30-4. 9. Masoumi K, Forouzan A, Barzegari H, Asgari Darian A, Rahim F, Zohrevandi B, et al. Effective Factors in Severity of Traffic Accident-Related Traumas; an Epidemiologic Study Based on the Haddon Matrix. Emerg (Tehran). 2016;4(2):78-82. 10. Karkee R, Lee AH. Epidemiology of road traffic injuries in Nepal, 2001-2013: systematic review and secondary data analysis. BMJ Open. 2016;6(4): e010757. 11. Ma OJ, Mateer JR, Ogata M, Kefer MP, Wittmann D, Aprahamian C. Prospective analysis of a rapid trauma ultrasound examination performed by emergency physicians. The Journal of trauma. 1995;38(6):879-85. 12. Hoffman JR, Mower WR, Wolfson AB, Todd KH, Zucker MI. Validity of a set of clinical criteria to rule out injury to the cervical spine in patients with blunt trauma. New England Journal of Medicine. 2000;343(2):94-9. 13. Asadian L, Hadadi K, Montaza SH, Khademloo M, Mirzaii N. An Epidemiological Study of Head Injuries in Patients Attending Sari Imam Khomeini Hospital, 2013- 2014. Journal of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences. 2015;24(122):207-16. 14. Poitzman A, Makaroum T, Slasky S. Prospective study of CT in initial management of blunt abdominal trauma. J Trauma. 1996;26(3):585-89. 15. Khodadadi N, HOSEIN BZ, Charmi L, Alinia S, Asli A. Epidmiology of trauma due to driving accidents in Poursina trauma research center in Rasht. 2010. 16. Salari A, PirayehHaddad F, AGHILI AG. Demografy of trauma patients due to driving accident in Yazd city. 2002.
Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:

CAPTCHA code


XML     Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Montazer S H, Hosseininejad S M, Bozorgi F, Assadi T, Hashemi S N, Lotfipour M et al . Epidemiology of Injuries Caused By Motor Accidents in Patients Referred To Emergency Department of A Trauma Center Hospital in North of Iran. Int J Med Invest. 2019; 8 (1) :10-18
URL: http://intjmi.com/article-1-368-en.html


Volume 8, Issue 1 (3-2019) Back to browse issues page
International Journal of Medical Investigation
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.05 seconds with 31 queries by YEKTAWEB 3897