[Home ] [Archive]    
:: Main About journal Editorial Board Current Issue Archive Submit an article Site Map Contact ::
Main Menu
Journal Information::
Articles archive::
For Authors::
For Reviewers::
Contact us::
Site Facilities::
Editorial Board::
Search in website

Advanced Search
Receive site information
Enter your Email in the following box to receive the site news and information.
:: Volume 12, Issue 3 (10-2023) ::
Int J Med Invest 2023, 12(3): 87-95 Back to browse issues page
''Near-Death Experience” In Grief During Public Health Crisis Or Disasters; Theoretical Explanation And Practical Implication
Sedigheh Ebrahimi * , Mohsen Faseleh Jahromi , Aliakbar Shakeri , Seyed Ziaaddin Tabei , Ali Naghi Ghasemiannejad Jahromi
Department of Medical Ethics and Philosophy of Health, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
Abstract:   (392 Views)
Background: Grieving is one of the consequences of widespread public health crisis or disasters like the COVID-19 pandemic, in human societies. Human beings were already familiar with one specific example of the experience of facing death called the Near-Death Experience (NDE). This phenomenon is characterized by a supernatural situation and a clear understanding of separation from the physical body and presence in a different spatial and temporal position. The present research aimed to examine whether this phenomenon can help manage the grief of a relative’s death - especially in these situations.
Method: This is a theoretical type study and adopts a descriptive-analytical research method with a qualitative approach in which the data were collected through documentary research.
Results: Most researchers in this field believe that NDE gives valuable insights about death and the dying process to the experiencers (NDErs). Anxiety and fear of death reduce in many NDErs. In addition, related studies have suggested that this phenomenon has been used to help reduce the severity of grief as well as reduce anxiety and fear of death in non-NDErs. NDE seems to help people cope with the loss of loved ones through its effects on their beliefs and cognitive processes.
Conclusion: In the field of psychotherapy, several treatment protocols have been proposed for grief and the grieving process. The extent of the public health crisis or disasters -associated grief and the limitations of counseling and psychotherapy in this area require new approaches. The Near-Death Experience phenomenon, seems to be useful in these situations.  Therefore, using the capacity of the impact of NDE in the form of media content tailored to the culture is highly consistent with the social conditions created by the public health crisis or disasters. This is while some researchers believe that the general pattern of NDE is similar in different cultures; but the interpretations of the NDErs are a culture-dependent matter. Therefore, qualitative studies – due to further contemplation – can be helpful in this regard.
Keywords: Grief, Death, Near-death experience, Public health crisis, Disasters
Full-Text [PDF 666 kb]   (404 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
1. 1. Facco E, Casiglia E, Zanette G, Testoni I. On the way of liberation from suffering and pain: role of hypnosis in palliative care. Annals of palliative medicine. 2018;7(1):63-74. 2. Kodisang P. An existentialist study on prolonged hospitalization for drug resistant tuberculosis: University of Johannesburg; 2013. Available from: https://ujcontent.uj.ac.za/vital/access/services/Download/uj:10692/CONTENT1 3. May R, Yalom I. Existential psychotherapy. Current psychotherapies. 1989:363-402. 4. Sandler BI. Dying before death to truly live: Therapeutic implications of the ego death experience for the treatment of death anxiety. San Francisco : California Institute of Integral Studies; 2015. 5. Blamberger G, Kakar S. Imaginations of Death and the Beyond in India and Europe: Springer; 2018. 6. Wallace CL, Wladkowski SP, Gibson A, White P. Grief during the COVID-19 pandemic: considerations for palliative care providers. Journal of pain and symptom management. 2020 Jul 1;60(1):e70-6 7. Aguiar A, Pinto M, Duarte R. Grief and Mourning during the COVID-19 Pandemic in Portugal. Acta Médica Portuguesa. 2020;33(9):543-5. 8. Mortazavi SS, Assari S, Alimohamadi A, Rafiee M, Shati M. Fear, loss, social isolation, and incomplete grief due to COVID-19: a recipe for a psychiatric pandemic. Basic and clinical neuroscience. 2020;11(2):225. 9. Kokou-Kpolou CK, Fernández-Alcántara M, Cénat JM. Prolonged grief related to COVID-19 deaths: Do we have to fear a steep rise in traumatic and disenfranchised griefs? Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy. 2020;12(S1):S94. 10. Greyson B. Western scientific approaches to near-death experiences. Humanities. 2015;4(4):775-96. 11. Dossey L. Dying to heal: A neglected aspect of NDEs. Elsevier; 2011. Available from: www.spiritualscientific.com/yahoo_site_admin/assets/docs/Dying_to_Heal_NDE_Dossey.81171210.pdf 12. Groth-Marnat G, Summers R. Altered beliefs, attitudes, and behaviors following near-death experiences. Journal of Humanistic Psychology. 1998;3(3):108-113. 13. Greyson B. Reduced death threat in near-death experiences. Death Studies. 1992;16(6):523-36. 14. Greyson B. Near-death experiences and antisuicidal attitudes. OMEGA-Journal of Death and Dying. 1993;26(2):81-9. 15. Ring K. Amazing grace: The near-death experience as a compensatory gift. Journal of Near-Death Studies. 1991;10(1):11-39. 16. Platt J. Evidence and proof in documentary research: 1 Some specific problems of documentary research. The Sociological Review. 1981;29(1):31-52. 17. Ahmed JU. Documentary research method: New dimensions. Indus Journal of Management & Social Sciences. 2010;4(1):1-14. 18. Appleton JV, Cowley S. Analysing clinical practice guidelines. A method of documentary analysis. Journal of Advanced Nursing. 1997;25(5):1008-17. 19. Gaborone B. The use of documentary research methods in social research. African sociological review. 2006;10(1):221-30. 20. Morse ML. Near death experiences and death-related visions in children: Implications for the clinician. Current problems in Pediatrics. 1994;24(2):55-83. 21. Ghasemyannejhad Jahromi AN. The phenomenology of Iranian and American Near-Death Experiences.] Doctoral dissertation.[ ] Ahvaz [ :Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz. 2018.266p. 22. Bianco S, Sambin M, Palmieri A. Meaning making after a near-death experience: The relevance of intrapsychic and interpersonal dynamics. Death studies. 2017;41(9):562-73. 23. Van Lommel P, Van Wees R, Meyers V, Elfferich I. Near-death experience in survivors of cardiac arrest: a prospective study in the Netherlands. The Lancet. 2001;358(9298):2039-45. 24. Lindsay NM. One foot on the other side: changed orientations to death after a near-death experience.] Doctoral dissertation.[ ] Palmerston North [Massey University. 2018.275p. Available from: https://mro.massey.ac.nz/bitstream/handle/10179/15225/02_whole.pdf?sequence=2&isAllowed=y 25. Greyson B. Near-death experience: Clinical implications. Archives of Clinical Psychiatry (São Paulo). 2007;34:116-25. 26. Bush, N E. Dancing past the dark: Distressing near-death experiences. Nancy Evans Bush publisher. East Windsor Hill, Connecticut; 2012. Available from: https://docplayer.net/99914336-Dancing-past-distressing-near-death-experiences-the-dark-nancy-evans-bush-foreword-by-bruce-greyson-md.html 27. Gandy S. Dying to live: The power of transcendence in the treatment of existential anxiety. Threshold: Journal of Interdisciplinary Consciousness Studies. 2017;1(2):25-36. 28. Holden JME, Greyson BE, James DE. The handbook of near-death experiences: Thirty years of investigation: Praeger/ABC-CLIO; 2009. 29. Horacek BJ. Amazing grace: The healing effects of near-death experiences on those dying and grieving. Journal of Near-Death Studies. 1997;16(2):149-61. 30. Kajbaf MB, Ghasemiannejad Jahromi A, Ahmadi Forushani SH. The effectiveness of spiritual and existential group therapy on the rates of depression, death anxiety and afterlife belief among students: a study based on the reports [English] of people with death experience. JSR. 2016;16(4):4-13. ]In Persian], Available from: http://jsr-p.khuisf.ac.ir/article_533985.html. 31. Tassell-Matamua N, Lindsay N, Bennett S, Valentine H, Pahina J. Does learning about near-death experiences promote psycho-spiritual benefits in those who have not had a near-death experience? Journal of Spirituality in Mental Health. 2017;19(2):95-115. 32. McDonagh JM. Introducing Near-Death Research Findings into Psychotherapy. Journal of Near-Death Studies. 2004: 22(4), 269–273. 33. Foster RD, Holden JM. Eternal connection: An exploratory study of the effects of learning about near-death experiences on adult grief. Journal of Loss and Trauma. 2014;19(1):40-55. 34. Renz M, Reichmuth O, Bueche D, Traichel B, Mao MS, Cerny T, et al. Fear, pain, denial, and spiritual experiences in dying processes. 2018;35(3):478-91. 35. Osarchuk M, Tatz SJ. Effect of induced fear of death on belief in afterlife. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 1973;27(2):256. 36. Bhattacharya PK. Is there science behind the near-death experience: Does human consciousness survives after death? Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health. 2013;6(2):151. 37. Wong PT, Reker GT, Gesser G. Death Attitude Profile-Revised: A multidimensional measure of attitudes toward death. Death anxiety handbook: Research, instrumentation, and application. 1994;121. 38. Mobbs D, Watt C. There is nothing paranormal about near-death experiences: how neuroscience can explain seeing bright lights, meeting the dead, or being convinced you are one of them. Trends in cognitive sciences. 2011;15(10):447-9. 39. Lee SA, Feudo A, Gibbons JA. Grief among near-death experiences: Pathways through religion and meaning. Mental Health, Religion & Culture. 2014;17(9):877-85. 40. Greyson B. Near‐death experiences and attempted suicide. Suicide and Life‐Threatening Behavior. 1981;11(1):10-6. 41. Walker BA, Serdahely WJ. Historical perspectives on near-death phenomena. Journal of Near-Death Studies. 1990;9(2):105-21. 42. Knoblauch H, Schmied I, Schnettler B. Different kinds of near-death experience: A report on a survey of near-death experiences in Germany. Journal of Near-Death Studies. 2001;20(1): 15-29. 43. Perera M, Padmasekara G, Belanti J. Prevalence of near-death experiences in Australia. Journal of Near-Death Studies. 2005;24(2):109-15. 44. Long M, Perry P. Evidence of the Afterlife: Harper Collins Publishers; 2010. Available from: https://www.difa3iat.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/08/ Jeffrey_Long_Paul_Perry_Evidence_of_the_AfterliBookZZ.org_.pdf 45. Blackmore SJ. Near-death experiences. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine. 1996;89(2):73-6. 46. Ghasemiannejad Jahromi Alinaghi, Long Jeffrey .The Phenomenology of Iranian Near-Death Experiences. Journal of Near Death Studies (forthcoming 2021). 47. Cassol H, Pétré B, Degrange S, Martial C, Charland-Verville V, Lallier F, et al. Qualitative thematic analysis of the phenomenology of near-death experiences. PloS one. 2018;13(2):e0193001.
Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:


XML     Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Ebrahimi S, Jahromi M F, Shakeri A, Tabei S Z, Jahromi A N G. ''Near-Death Experience” In Grief During Public Health Crisis Or Disasters; Theoretical Explanation And Practical Implication. Int J Med Invest 2023; 12 (3) :87-95
URL: http://intjmi.com/article-1-1048-en.html

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 12, Issue 3 (10-2023) Back to browse issues page
International Journal of Medical Investigation
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.05 seconds with 36 queries by YEKTAWEB 4645