|Background: Occupational stress is an effective factor in the occurrence of physical and mental illnesses and can, in the long run, causes burnout syndrome among employees. Due to the nature of their occupation, pre-hospital emergency staff faces severe stresses at the workplace. Therefore, this study was designed and conducted to investigate the relationship between occupational stress and burnout among pre-hospital emergency staff in Izeh and Baghmalek counties.
Materials and methods: The present study had a descriptive correlational design in which 60 people including 15 senior technicians, 15 basic technicians, 15 driver-rescuer personnel, and 15 operators were included and selected as a study sample using stratified random sampling. The instruments used in this study include Hospital Stress Scales (HSS-35) questionnaire and Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) questionnaire, and Pearson simple correlation coefficient method was used to analyze the data.
Results: The results of the present study showed that there was a significant relationship between occupational stress and burnout in all pre-hospital emergency staff (P <0.01, r = 0.938). Moreover, a significant relationship was found between occupational stress and burnout in senior technicians (r = 0.638 and P <0.03), in basic technicians (r = 0.603 and P <0.03), in driver-rescuer personnel (r = 0.835 and P <0.007), and in operator personnel (r = 0.523 and P <0.05), all of which were significant at the level of P <0.05. Also, most subscales of occupational stress were correlated to job-related burnout both in the whole sample and in the four groups of studied personnel, which was significant at the level of p <0.05.
Conclusion: Due to the stressful nature of the job of pre-hospital emergency staff, the incidence of physical and mental disorders, as well as job-related burnout, are very common among these staff, especially in younger and less experienced members. The strong relationship between occupational stress and burnout in these personnel calls for serious attention by pre-hospital emergency officials.
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