[Home ] [Archive]    
:: Main About journal Editorial Board Current Issue Archive Submit an article Site Map Contact ::
:: Volume 8, Issue 4 (12-2019) ::
Int J Med Invest 2019, 8(4): 33-40 Back to browse issues page
The Emergence of the Leptospirosis among Paddy Farmers of Jahrom, South of Iran
Rahim Raoufi *, Naser Hatami
Infectious Department, Jahrom University of Medical Sciences, Jahrom, Iran
Abstract:   (391 Views)
Introduction: Leptospirosis is a bacterial zoonotic disease that affects humans and a wide range of animals including mammals, birds, reptiles and amphibians. This disease has a profound impact on the lives of exposed people, such as farmers and ranchers. The aim of this study was to determine the seroepidemiology of Leptospirosis in paddy farmers of Jahrom.
Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was performed on 242 paddy farmers living in different parts of Jahrom city. Samples were randomly selected and 5 cc of blood was collected from each participant. After centrifugation and storage at 20 ° C, serums were tested for the presence of anti-Leptospira IgG. Data analysis was performed by SPSS version 21.
Findings: According to the data analysis, seropidemiology of Leptospirosis was 2.5% and there was a significant relationship between age and duration of employment in Rice Farmering with seropidemiology of the disease (P<0.05), but living are was not correlated with seroepidemiological prevalence.
Conclusion: This study showed that the prevalence of leptospirosis in paddy farmers of Jahrom city is 2.5%. Given the difference between the results of the present study and similar studies in Iran which may be due to differences in the geographical area and serotype of southern Iran, further studies with other serologic methods such as MAT are recommended.
Keywords: Leptospirosis, Jahrom, Paddy farmers.
Full-Text [PDF 482 kb]   (58 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
References
1. [1] Jiménez JIS, Marroquin JLH, Richards GA, Amin P. Leptospirosis: Report from the task force on tropical diseases by the World Federation of Societies of Intensive and Critical Care Medicine. J Crit Care. 2018 Feb;43:361-365. [2] Weiss RA, McMichael AJ. Social and environmental risk factors in the emergence of infectious diseases. Nat Med. 2004;10: S70-6. doi:10.1038/nm1150 [3] Cachay ER, Vinetz JM. A global research agenda for leptospirosis. Journal of postgraduate medicine. 2005;51(3):174. [4] Kamath R, Swain S, Pattanshetty S, Nair NS. Studying risk factors associated with human leptospirosis. Journal of global infectious diseases. 2014 Jan;6(1):3. [5] Haake DA, Levett PN. Leptospirosis in humans. InLeptospira and leptospirosis 2015 (pp. 65-97). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. [6] Rao RS, Gupta N, Bhalla P, Agarwal SK. Leptospirosis in India and the rest of the world. Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases. 2003 Jun;7(3):178-93. 7. Haake DA, Levett PN. Leptospirosis in humans. InLeptospira and leptospirosis 2015 (pp. 65-97). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. 8. Sykes JE, Hartmann K, Lunn KF, Moore GE, Stoddard RA, Goldstein RE. 2010 ACVIM small animal consensus statement on leptospirosis: diagnosis, epidemiology, treatment, and prevention. Journal of veterinary internal medicine. 2011 Jan;25(1):1-3. 9. Babamahmoodi F, Salmani Mojaveri M, Babamahmoodi A. Seroepidemiology of leptospirosis in workers of high risk occupation in Mazandaran province – Iran 2007-2008. J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci. 2009; 19 (73) :10-15. 10. H Khayat, K Sayehmiri, F Sayehmiri, S Ghafourian, M Rezapour, A Sheikhian, L Bogdanovic, M Taherikalan. Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Published Literatures: How Much do We Know about Reliable Prevalence of Leptospirosis in Iran?. West Indian Med J. 07 Jul, 2016 . DOI: 10.7727/wimj.2016.112. 11. El IJ, Bahaman AR. A review of human leptospirosis in Malaysia. Tropical biomedicine. 2004 Dec;21(2):113-9. 12. Cacciapuoti B, Nuti M, Pinto A, Sabrie AM. Human leptospirosis in Somalia: a serological survey. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. 1982 Jan 1;76(2):178-82. 13. Duval G, Michault A, Baranton G, Law-Koune JD, Folio G, Bertil G, Guiserix J. Seroepidemiological study of human leptospirosis at Re:union: Island. Revue d'epidemiologie et de sante publique. 1991;39(2):135-41. 14. Vado I,Cardenas M,Jimenez B etal.Clinical epidemiological study of leptospirosis in human and reservoirs in Yukatan,Mexico. Rev. Inst. Med. trop. S. Paulo Dec 2002;44(6). 15. Benschop J, Heuer C, Jaros P, Collins-Emerson J, Midwinter A, Wilson P. Sero-prevalence of leptospirosis in workers at a New Zealand slaughterhouse. The New Zealand Medical Journal (Online). 2009 Dec 11;122(1307). 16. Alikhani A, Babamahmoodi F, Alian S, Zameni F, Ghorbani A, Shojaeefar A. Sero-Epidemiological Study of Leptospirosis in Healthy People in Qaemshahr, Iran, 2015. J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci. 2016; 26 (140) :78-84 17. Esfandiari B, Yousefi M, Abu Hosseini Tabari M, et al. Epidemiologic study of Leptospirosis in patients referred to Mazandaran Province Diagnostic Center during 2004-2009, Proceedings of Second National Congress of Paddy Fever (Leptospirosis) 2012: 42-41 18. Soltani K. Epidemiological study of Leptospirosis in Jouybar city in 2010, Proceedings of the Second National Congress of Paddy Fever (Leptospirosis) 2012: 48. 19. Rassaei AS, Razvani M., Hosseini S. Mortality of Leptospirosis in Farmers of Guilan Province from 1997 to 2009, Abstracts of Second National Congress of Paddy Fever (Leptospirosis) 2012: 51. 20. Rahimi F, Vand Yousefi C, Moradi Beddandi S, Bozari M. Prevalence of Leptospirosis in Residents of Guilan Villages 2004-2005, Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Summer 2007; (33): 205-197. 21. Honarmand H,Eshraghi S,Khoramizadeh M.Leptospirosis in flat area Guilan province,Iran,in 2005.Infectious Disease Journal,Jul-Sep 2006:59-61. 22. El jalii M,Islam MA.Epidemiology and diagnosis of human leptospirosis in Malaysia,Thesis submitted hn fulfilmet of the requirements for the degree of doctor of philosophy in the Institute of bioscience university Putra Malaysia sep 2000. 23. Aalian Sh, Ghassemian R, Babam Mahmoodi F et al. Report of 81 Patients with Hemorrhagic Icter Leptospirosis admitted in Sari and Fayem Shahr Hospitals during 2005-2010, Abstracts of Second National Congress of Paddy Fever (Leptospirosis 19): 19 -18. 24. Alavi SM, Khoshkho MM. Seroprevalence study of leptospirosis among rice farmers in khuzestan province, South west iran, 2012. Jundishapur J Microbiol. 2014;7(7):e11536. doi:10.5812/jjm.11536.
Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:

CAPTCHA


XML     Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Raoufi R, Hatami N. The Emergence of the Leptospirosis among Paddy Farmers of Jahrom, South of Iran. Int J Med Invest. 2019; 8 (4) :33-40
URL: http://intjmi.com/article-1-442-en.html


Volume 8, Issue 4 (12-2019) Back to browse issues page
International Journal of Medical Investigation
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.06 seconds with 32 queries by YEKTAWEB 4072