[Home ] [Archive]    
:: Main About journal Editorial Board Current Issue Archive Submit an article Site Map Contact ::
:: Volume 7, Issue 4 (12-2018) ::
Int J Med Invest 2018, 7(4): 15-20 Back to browse issues page
Incidence and Risk Factors of Workplace Violence against Pre Hospital Staffs in Mazandaran; North of Iran
Farzad Bozorgi , Abolghasem Laali , Mohammad Khademloo , Sara Ehteshami , Touraj Assadi * , Seyed Masuome Pashaie , Mohammad Sazgar
Department of Emergency Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
Abstract:   (48 Views)
Introduction: Ambulance personnel are often the first people to encounter patients needing emergency care. As they are the first healthcare systems who interface the patients and their relatives so they are susceptible to threat reactions and violence. Therefore unclearness of the threats nature against the ambulance staff and also their frequencies was the purpose of current study.
Methods: This was an observational cross-sectional study which was carried out in the primary health care centers in Mazandaran University of medical sciences from January 2016 to august 2017. All   nurses available during the field work of the study in the primary health care centers (157 persons) were enrolled this study. The tool for data collection was a self-administered questionnaire. Data were imported to the SPSS v19 for both data analysis and tabular presentation.
Findings: 57 of respondents (35.2%) experienced physical violence. 110 (67.9%) of the personnel had been exposed to forms of verbal aggression. There was a significant relationship between the patient’s age and occurrence of both verbal aggression and physical violence (P=0.067) and patients who were younger had more aggressive behavior (P=0.083). But there was not significant relationship between the site of staff duty and aggressions. No incidence of racial or sexual aggression was found in our study. The results regard to coping with the violence was “inviting to calm” in more than half of cases 64 of 113 (56.6%).
Conclusion: This study shows that threats and violence are a frequently occurring work-place problem within ambulance services.
Keywords: Pre Hospital Staff, Violence, Threats
Full-Text [PDF 341 kb]   (11 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
References
1. 1. Ferns T. Violence in the accident and emergency department – An international perspective. Accid Emerg Nurs. 2005 Jul; 13 (3): 180-5. 2. Ayranci U. Violence toward health care workers in emergency departments in west Turkey. J Emerg Med. 2005 Apr; 28 (3): 361-5. 3. Boyle M, Koritsas S, Coles J, et al. A pilot study of workplace violence towards paramedics. Emerg Med J 2007 Nov; 24 (11); 760-3. 4. Pozzi C. Exposure of prehospital providers to violence and abuse. J Emerg Nurs. 1998 Aug; 24 (4): 320-3. 5. Anderson C, Parish M. Report of workplace violence by Hispanic nurses. J Transcult Nurs. 2003 Jul; 14 (3): 237-43. 6. Catlette M. A descriptive study of the perceptions of workplace violence and safety strategies of nurses working in level I trauma centers. J Emerg Nurs. 2005 Dec; 31 (6): 519-25. 7. Rodger M, Hills J, Kristjanson L. A Delphi study on research priorities for emergency nurses in western Australia. J Emerg Nurs. 2004 Apr; 30 (2): 117-25. 17 8. Holleran RS. Mars TS. Preventing staff injuries from violence. J Emerg Nurs. 2006 Dec; 32 (6): 523-4. 9. Gerberich SG, Church TR, McGovern PM, Hansen Helen, Nachreiner NM, Geisser MS, Ryan AD, Mongin SJ, Watt GD. An epidemiological study of the magnitude and consequences of work-related violence: The Minnesota nurses’ study, Occupational and Environmental Medicine 61:495-503, 2004. [SGG: PhD Thesis Advisor for NMN] 10. Gates D, Ross CS, McQueen L. Violence against emergency depart- ment workers. J Emerg Med. 2006;31(3):331-7. 11. Bensley, L., Nelson, N., Kaufman, J., Silverstein, B., Kalat, J., & Shields, J. W. (1997). Injuries due to assaults on psychiatric hospital employees in Washington State. American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 31, 92-9. 12. Rahamani A, Allah Bakhshiyan A, Dadashzadeh A, Namdar H, Akbari MA. Physical violence in working environments: Viewpoints of EMT' personnel in East Azerbaijan Province Iranian Journal of Nursing Research 2009; 11(3) 33-41. 13. Hayri Erkol, Mira R Gökdoğan, Zerrin Erkol, Bora Boz. Aggression and violence towards health care providers--a problem in Turkey?. J Forensic Leg Med 2007 Oct 12;14(7):423-8. 14. Suserud, B.-O., Blomqvist, M., Johansson, I., 2002. Experiences of threats and violence in the Swedish ambulance service. Accident and Emergency Nursing 10, 127–135. 15. Petzäll K, Tällberg J, Lundin T, Suserud B-O (2011) Threats and violenceintheSwedishpre-hospitalemergencycare.IntEmergNurs 19(1):5–11 16. Kisa, A., Dziegielewski, S.F. & Ates. M. (2002). Sexual harassment and its consequences: A study within 17. Turkish hospitals. Journal of Health and Social Policy, 15(1), 77-94. (Peer-reviewed) 18. Melek Serpil Talas, Rn, Phd1, , , Semra KocaÖZ, Rn, Phd2, Selma AkgÜÇ, Rn3 A Survey of Violence Against Staff Working in the Emergency Department in Ankara, Turkey. Asian Nursing Research 5 (2011) 197-203. 19. Ayranci, U., Yenilmez, C., Balci, Y., & Kaptanoglu, C. (2006). Identification of violence 20. in Turkish health care setting. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 21, 276-298 21. Adib, S. M., Al-Shatti, A. K., Kamal, S., El-Gerges, N., & Al-Raqem, M. (2002). Violence against nurses in healthcare facilities in Kuwait. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 39, 469-478. 22. Crilly, J., Chaboyer, W., Creedy, D., 2004. Violence towards ED nurses by patients. Accident and Emergency Nursing 12 (2),
Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:

CAPTCHA code


XML     Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Bozorgi F, Laali A, Khademloo M, Ehteshami S, Assadi T, Pashaie S M et al . Incidence and Risk Factors of Workplace Violence against Pre Hospital Staffs in Mazandaran; North of Iran. Int J Med Invest. 2018; 7 (4) :15-20
URL: http://intjmi.com/article-1-347-en.html


Volume 7, Issue 4 (12-2018) Back to browse issues page
International Journal of Medical Investigation
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.06 seconds with 31 queries by YEKTAWEB 3792